When I first started my career in the web industry, the very thing that I spent most of my time on was to look up the meaning of so many different terms and synonyms (which took as much as 50% of my time a day!). This glossary may help to save so many of your late night sleep searching in wikipedia!
Above the Fold – Content appearing on a website when it first loads, without requiring the user to scroll vertically. This is frequently considered the most valuable screen real estate.
Adsense – A popular ad network, run by Google, that allows you to publish contextual ads to make money from your website or blog.
Affiliate – Someone who promotes another person’s (or company’s) products on their website or blog and collects a portion of the sale price as compensation for sales referrals.
Affiliate Program – A program offered by a content creator where a portion of sales is paid out to affiliates who promote the product or service and refer sales.
Archives – A collection of older material on a blog or website, frequently sorted by posting date.
Analytics – Statistics related to your website or blog traffic
Analytics Program – A program or software that takes raw data about traffic to and from your website and displays it in easy-to-understand tables, charts, and graphs.
Backlink – A link referral that sends traffic from a third party website to your own website or blog. Backlinks can also play a role in search engine rankings.
Blog – A website where content is posted in chronological order and frequently includes open comments to allow conversations between the blogger and readers – can be anything from personal journals to company news to niche content.
Blogger – Someone who publishes a blog or writes for a blog published by someone else.
Blogosphere – A term referring to all blogs as one big collective community.
Blogroll – A list of links frequently included in a blog’s sidebar to point readers to related or recommended resources.
Blook – A book that was derived from blog content (turning blog content into a published book)
Captcha – A spam-control tool frequently used to prove a commenter is human and not an automated spam attempt (can include anything from retyping text found in an image file to solving a simple math problem).
Cascading Style Sheet – A document allowing a webmaster or blogger to control the look, design, and formatting of their website or blog content; allows design changes to be made in a single document instead of on individual Web pages.
Cloud Hosting – A hosting package where storage and resources are shared or split between multiple linked servers; an easily scalable hosting option where resources are available when needed and not limited to the constraints of a single system.
Comment – User-generated content in response to a blog post or article; reader discussion related to a blog post or article.
Commenter – Someone who publishes a comment to take part in a conversation on a blog or website.
Content Management System – (Also known as “CMS”) A platform or software used to publish a website or blog and manage the content of that website or blog from any location with Internet access (as opposed to making alterations offline and uploading all new material manually).
Contextual Ads – Advertisements posted to a website or blog based on each individual Web page’s content and keywords (Google’s Adsense is a popular contextual advertising network).
Control Panel – The dashboard that enables a blogger or webmaster to manage their Web hosting account, site files, analytics, and databases on the host’s servers
Cost per click (CPC) - is the sum paid by an advertiser to search engines and other Internet publishers for a single click on their advertisement, which directs one visitor to the advertiser's website.
cPanel – A popular Web hosting control panel.
CMS – See “content management system”.
CSS – See “cascading style sheet”
Database – A collection of digitized and organized data (in terms of a blog the database would hold post data, among others, that can be pulled and served to the website where requested).
Dedicated Server – A server with a Web hosting company that only hosts websites or blogs for a single customer or user, allowing them full access to all server resources.
Domain Name – The name of a website or blog as it would be typed into a browser’s navigation bar to access the site (example: YourDomainName.com).
E-commerce Site – A website that enables buying and selling to occur online (such as an online retail shop).
Encryption – Concealing data for security purposes by converting common language and other data into code.
Extension – The last component of a domain name, which may signify intended use or location (common examples include .com, .net, .org, and .co.uk).
Feed – A way of presenting data on frequently updated sites (like blogs) that enables others to syndicate or subscribe to the content via a reader.
Feed Reader – A tool that allows you to access all feeds subscribed to from a central location (allowing you to read the latest posts from multiple blogs so you don’t have to visit each manually, for example).
File Transfer Protocol – A protocol that lets you move files from your local system (such as a new Web design on your office computer) to a network (like the Internet); a way to transfer files from your computer to your host’s server to have it appear online.
FTP – See “file transfer protocol”
Gravatar – A globally recognized avatar; a photo or other image representing your online identity which can be automatically recognized by blog comment and other online systems, generally tied to an email address you enter on the site when leaving a comment.
Guest Posting – Publishing articles (usually for free) to other people’s blogs in the hopes of getting exposure or traffic for your own site or blog through one or more backlinks (usually included at the end of the article).
Home Page – The Web page visitors see when they type your domain name into their browser’s navigation bar; the front page of your website or blog.
Hosting Company – A company that provides servers to webmasters and bloggers that host website files and databases and make the websites and blogs visible online to the public.
HTML – (Also known as “hypertext markup language”) A common markup language used to code websites.
Index Page – The default page a visitor sees when they access your website through the top-level domain; your home page.
IP Address – A numeral assigned to a device on a network; a number identifying your computer, website’s host, or other device.
Keyword Research – Researching the average monthly search volume for specific keywords and phrases that are relevant to your website or blog; frequently used to help bloggers decide what topics are popular enough to write about.
Link – A referral from one website to another, or from one page in a website to another page in the same website; when a user clicks they are automatically taken from the referring page to the referred page.
Linkbaiting – Creating content for a website or blog for the primary purpose of getting others to link to that content (to refer traffic and improve search engine rankings).
Meta Tags – HTML tags that do not appear on the publicly viewable front-end of a website or blog, but which describe or summarize the content of that page for search engines (most commonly used meta tags are the title, description, and keywords tags).
Niche Blog – A topic-specific blog (such as a blog on dog training in general) as opposed to a personal blog (diary or journal-style) or a company blog (covering company news, announcements, or posts that market products or services — like a dog trainer’s company blog where the blogger offers special deals and blogs for their target customer market).
Page – Content on a blog that falls outside of the chronological post order (such as a static “About Us” page).
Pay per click (PPC) - An Internet advertising model used on websites, where advertisers pay their host only when the ad is clicked. With search engines, advertisers typically bid on keyword phrases relevant to their target market.
Permalink – A URL at which a specific page or post on your website or blog can always be found.
Photoblog – A blog that relies on photos (and sometimes captions) as a primary form of content as opposed to articles.
PHP – (Also known as “Hypertext Preprocessor”) A scripting language used to develop dynamic Web pages and frequently used in content management systems and blog platforms (WordPress is an example of a PHP blog platform).
Plugin – A tool that allows you to add specific functionality in addition to the basic capabilities of your CMS or blog platform.
Podcast – An audio series frequently released in chronological order similar to a blog; an audio blog.
Post – An article or other chronologically-posted piece of content on a blog.
Problogger – A professional blogger; The name of a popular blog on blogging.
Raw Access Logs – (Also known as “raw logs” or “server logs”) Data recording the traffic for your website; Analytics programs use this raw data to display Website statistics in visual form.
Really Simple Syndication – A feed format that allows bloggers and other producers of dynamic content to distribute or syndicate their content or make it available for private viewing via subscriptions and feed readers.
Registrar – A company that allows you to register domain names for your websites or blogs.
Relevance - How related a specific search keyword is to the content of a web page.
RSS – See “really simple syndication”.
Search Engine Marketing – The act of purposefully using search engines to drive traffic to your website or blog (search engine optimization is one example of search engine marketing, but this term is broader and also includes paid placement in search results through advertising).
Search Engine Optimization – The process by which you make a website appear more relevant than competing websites according to search engines so your website will appear higher in the list of search results when a visitor searches for terms related to your website (getting backlinks is often an important part of search engine optimization).
Secure Socket Layer – A security protocol that establishes a secure session between the user and end site by encrypting transferred data; a frequently used security protocol on online shopping sites that protects users’ personal and financial data as it is transferred from the user’s computer to the seller’s system.
SEM – See “search engine marketing”.
SEO – See “search engine optimization”.
SERP - Search Engine Result Page, the return result of a search using a keyword through the use of search engine.
Shared Hosting – Hosting accounts where several or many websites are hosted on a single server where they share resources; the least expensive form of Web hosting, but not capable of handling high traffic sites due to shared resource limitations.
Spam – Unwanted comments on a blog, often unrelated to the blog content and usually posted primarily to try to secure backlinks from the blog.
Splog – (Also known as a “spam blog”) A blog that exists solely to rank highly in search engines to attract visitors and have them click on ads for revenue; content is often stolen and automatically harvested (“scraped”) from other blogs and republished on the splog.
SSL – See “secure socket layer”.
Static – A page on a website or blog that never (or rarely) changes; A website where pages aren’t frequently updated such as they are on an ever-changing blog.
Tag – A keyword associated with content (such as a blog post) that allows it to be searched for more easily by grouping like content under the same labels.
Theme – A blog design or template.
Trackback – A notification on a blog or website that another blog or website has linked to it.
Traffic – The movement and flow of visitors to and from your website or blog, or from one page to another within your site structure.
Uniform Resource Locator – The address of a Web page or other piece of content on the Web (the character string you type into your browser’s address bar to access something specific).
URL – See “uniform resource locator”.
Video Blog – A blog where the primary form of content is online videos.
Visit – An occasion where a visitor accesses your website or blog over a set period of time (a visit can include a single Web page or multiple pages before the visitor leaves).
Visitor – An actual individual visiting your website or blog (sometimes over a set period of time such as a few hours or a day, whereas “unique visitors” are only counted once).
Virtual Private Server – A type of Web hosting plan where you share a server with others (less than traditionally on a shared hosting plan), but where each user gets a dedicated amount of resources so their sites don’t affect the performance of those on other users’ accounts.
Vlog – See “video blog”.
VPS – See “virtual private server”
Web Page – An individual page on a website.
Weblog – See “blog”.
Webmaster – A person who develops and / or maintains a website.
Website – A collection of Web pages linked under a single brand and domain name and used to publish content to the World Wide Web.
Website Template – A pre-designed Website design that you can download or purchase and install “out of the box” as an often less-expensive alternative to custom designs.
Widget – A small application or component that can be embedded on a Web page and controlled by the site owner or webmaster; widgets are often used to display third party information or tools and in blogging are frequently used in the sidebar.
WYSIWYG Editor – A “what you see is what you get” text editor often found in content management systems (similar to the familiar interface of word processing programs like Microsoft Word); enables you to add and edit content without knowing HTML.
XHTML – (Also known as “extensible hypertext markup language) A language using XML to make improvements upon traditional HTML coding.
XML – (Also known as “extensible markup language) A file or data format allowing you to store and exchange structured data; XML is not limited to use in Web browsers as HTML is designed to be.
The glossary was updated based on the Website and Blog Launch Glossary originally created by our friends at Insider.pk. You can find the Chinese translation of the Website and Blog Launch Glossary in our corresponding blog post.